Aging Bulletin
Recent News |  Archives |  Tags |  Newsletter |  Message Board/Forum |  About |  Links |  Subscribe to AgingBulletin.com RSS Feed Subscribe


More Articles
Improvements in fuel cell designImprovements in fuel cell design

Rediscovering Venus to find faraway earths

Archaeologists discover bronze remains of Iron Age chariot

Researchers resolve the Karakoram glacier anomaly, a cold case of climate science

Fish tale: New study evaluates antibiotic content in farm-raised fishFish tale: New study evaluates antibiotic content in farm-raised fish

New 3-D display technology promises greater energy efficiencyNew 3-D display technology promises greater energy efficiency

Researchers break nano barrier to engineer the first protein microfiberResearchers break nano barrier to engineer the first protein microfiber

Structure of an iron-transport protein revealedStructure of an iron-transport protein revealed

First step: From human cells to tissue-engineered esophagusFirst step: From human cells to tissue-engineered esophagus

Magnetic mirrors enable new technologies by reflecting light in uncanny ways

Lift weights, improve your memory

Spiders: Survival of the fittest group

Autophagy helps fast track stem cell activationAutophagy helps fast track stem cell activation

Myelin vital for learning new practical skillsMyelin vital for learning new practical skills

More physical activity improved school performanceMore physical activity improved school performance

Engineering new vehicle powertrainsEngineering new vehicle powertrains

Around the world in 400,000 years: The journey of the red foxAround the world in 400,000 years: The journey of the red fox

Study: New device can slow, reverse heart failureStudy: New device can slow, reverse heart failure

Are the world's religions ready for ET?Are the world's religions ready for ET?

Gut bacteria, artificial sweeteners and glucose intoleranceGut bacteria, artificial sweeteners and glucose intolerance

Recreating the stripe patterns found in animals by engineering synthetic gene networksRecreating the stripe patterns found in animals by engineering synthetic gene networks

Laying the groundwork for data-driven scienceLaying the groundwork for data-driven science

Hold on, tiger momHold on, tiger mom

Nature's designs inspire research into new light-based technologiesNature's designs inspire research into new light-based technologies

Missing piece found to help solve concussion puzzleMissing piece found to help solve concussion puzzle

Biologists delay the aging process by 'remote control'Biologists delay the aging process by 'remote control'

Geography matters: Model predicts how local 'shocks' influence U.S. economyGeography matters: Model predicts how local 'shocks' influence U.S. economy

Identified for the first time what kind of explosive has been used after the detonationIdentified for the first time what kind of explosive has been used after the detonation

Copied from nature: Detecting software errors via genetic algorithmsCopied from nature: Detecting software errors via genetic algorithms

Older women with sleep-breathing problems more likely to see decline in daily functions (11/21/2014)

<
Tags:
doctors, health, men, mental health, mobility, research, sleep, walking, women

Older women with disordered breathing during sleep were found to be at greater risk of decline in the ability to perform daily activities, such as grocery shopping and meal preparation, according to a new study led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the University of California, San Francisco.

The study was published Nov. 6 in the online edition of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

The findings are notable given the aging of the population - an estimated 3.7 million Americans will turn 65 in 2015, and by 2030, 19 percent of the U.S. population will be 65 or older - and the fact that sleep-disordered breathing is treatable. Older adults are as much as four times as likely as middle-aged individuals to have problems with breathing during sleep.

Sleep-disordered breathing involves repeated interruptions or decreases in breathing during sleep, which often leads to fragmented sleep and hypoxemia, or low blood oxygen levels. Doctors rate the severity of sleep-disordered breathing with the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), which reflects the number of breathing interruptions (apneas) and the number of significant decreases in breathing (hypopneas) per hour of sleep.

The study found that women with an AHI on the moderate to severe side, with 15 or more breathing disruptions per hour of sleep, had a 2.2 times greater odds of decline in daily activity functions during the evaluation period, which averaged five years between baseline evaluation and follow-up.

"Because sleep-disordered breathing can be treated effectively, it is possible that treatment could help prevent decline in important areas of functioning that allow older adults to remain independent," says Adam Spira, PhD, an associate professor in the Department of Mental Health at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the study's lead author. "As is often the case, more research is needed to investigate this possibility."

Because the study was observational, the researchers can't conclusively state that sleep-disordered breathing caused the functional decline, but the research does point to a strong link.

Earlier studies involving older men have linked sleep-disordered breathing with frailty and death. The authors believe this is one of the first studies to assess the impact of sleep-disordered breathing on decline in older women's ability to perform basic functions associated with independent living.

The study included 302 women, with a mean age of 82.3 years. At the start of the study, participants underwent an in-home sleep evaluation. They were also asked whether they had any difficulty performing daily activities, including heavy housework, shopping and preparing meals, or any challenges with mobility, such as walking several blocks or climbing or descending stairs. Participants' self-reported daily activities and mobility were assessed once again in a follow-up evaluation.

The researchers say they believe it is the low blood-oxygen levels caused by sleep-disordered breathing that cause the trouble with daily tasks, and not sleep fragmentation, which is also increased by sleep-disordered breathing.

The authors note that women who reported no difficulties with daily activities during their baseline evaluation but a moderate-to-high AHI had a somewhat higher risk of reporting deterioration in daily-activity function in the follow-up evaluation. No links between sleep-disordered breathing severity and decline in mobility were observed.

The study was supported by National Institutes of Health (NIH) Grants AG026720, AG05394, AG05407, AR35582, AR35583, AR35584, R01 AG005407, R01 AG027576-22, 2 R01 AG005394-22A1, 2 R01 AG0275, 74-22A1, HL40489, K24AG031155.

"Sleep-Disordered Breathing and Functional Decline in Older Women" was written by Adam P. Spira, PhD, Katie L. Stone, PhD, George W. Rebok, PhD, Naresh M. Punjabi, MD, PhD, Susan Redline, MD, MPH, Sonia Ancoli-Israel, PhD and Kristine Yaffe, MD.

Note: This story has been adapted from a news release issued by the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Post Comments:

Search
New Articles
Training elderly in social media improves well-being and combats isolation

Scientist advances the study of eye disease and agingScientist advances the study of eye disease and aging

Coordinating care of older adults moving across treatment still a problem

With age, we lose our visual learning filter

Elderly brains learn, but maybe too muchElderly brains learn, but maybe too much

Web-savvy older adults who regularly indulge in culture may better retain 'health literacy'

New laser therapy helps slow macular degeneration

Many older brains have plasticity, but in a different place

Musicians show advantages in long-term memory, UT Arlington research saysMusicians show advantages in long-term memory, UT Arlington research says

Computerized cognitive training has modest benefits for cognitively healthy older adults

Seniors draw on extra brainpower for shoppingSeniors draw on extra brainpower for shopping

Soy spells fewer hot flashes for certain women

Sharpening state spending on seniors

Not all elderly Americans will surf to health

Older women with sleep-breathing problems more likely to see decline in daily functions



Archives
December 2014
November 2014
October 2014
September 2014
August 2014
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
October 2012
September 2012
August 2012
July 2012
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011


Science Friends
Agriculture News
Astronomy News
Sports Tech
Biology News
Biomimicry Science
Cognitive Research
Chemistry News
Tissue Engineering
Cancer Research
Cybernetics Research
Electonics Research
Fossil News
Forensics Report
Genetic Archaeology
Genetics News
Geology News
Microbiology Research
Nanotech News
Physics News
Parenting News


  Archives |  Submit News |  Advertise With Us |  Contact Us |  Links
Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy. All contents © 2000 - 2019 AgingBulletin.com. All rights reserved.